Though some events were catastrophic, much of Earth's geology was influenced by normal weather, erosion, and other processes spread over very long geologic ages.Accurate dating of the geologic ages is fundamental to the study of geology and paleontology, and provides important context to the life sciences, meteorology, oceanography, geophysics, and hydrology.For example, based on the primate fossil record, scientists know that living primates evolved from fossil primates and that this evolutionary history took tens of millions of years.By comparing fossils of different primate species, scientists can examine how features changed and how primates evolved through time.
In the 1660s Nicolas Steno formulated our modern concepts of deposition of horizontal strata.
This position came to be known as uniformitarianism, but within it we must distinguish between uniformity of natural law (which nearly all of us would accept) and the increasingly questionable assumptions of uniformity of process, uniformity of rate and uniformity of outcome.
That is the background to the intellectual drama being played out in this series of papers.
Creation science is one theoretical system and evolution is another.
Thus even when creationists and evolutionists use the same dating methods, they will more often than not achieve radically different results.